TIG Welding 101- Guide and Reviews
Top 5 TIG Welding Tools And Accessories
1| TIG Welder HYL TIG 160 WELDER – THIS IS A 2 IN 1 COMBO WELDER
When it comes to the industry of welding, TIG welders are perhaps the high-rollers. For one, the techniques they employ are some of the most difficult in the field. High level of hand control and accuracy is necessary. And not to mention, the method is also far more complicated, especially when compared to the simplistic and more direct approach of SMAW (stick welding).
The HYL TIG 160 2 IN 1 COMBO WELDER is a fantastic tool sure to be an incredible addition to your welding toolset. All HYL welders and plasma cutters come with a 2 year warranty and are serviced right here in the USA by our friendly staff. This high frequency TIG160 gives the two in one ability of also being able to weld with the stick/MMA process.
This compact TIG machine uses a high frequency start which allows for precision welding. It also has inverter technology allowing for a compact, portable machine to do the work of the normal bulky, non mobile welders. It has an output of 160a for TIG, and 130a for stick. If you need a mobile welder and like to uses both stick and TIG styles of welding, look no further!
2| HYL CUT30C PLASMA CUTTER
The HYL CUT30C Plasma Cutter is a fantastic tool sure to be an incredible addition to your welding toolset. All HYL welders and plasma cutters come with a 2 year warranty and are serviced right here in the USA by our friendly staff. The CUT30/40 plasma cutter can be used to cut steel, aluminum, stainless steel, copper and other materials with ordinary compressed air. Furthermore, the printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) uses Panasonic automatic plug-in technology to ensure reliability and accuracy, high stability. The machine also makes use of advanced inverter technology, with the inverter frequency of 100KHZ, conversion efficiency of 85% and small no-load loss.
The portable plasma cutter can achieve smooth cutting edge and high cutting precision. With stable output, small cutting tension and deformation can be fully ensured. It is designed with protection against over-current, over-heat and over-current, so that it is suitable for safe and long time use. Hence, it is now widely used in petroleum industry, chemical industry, metallurgy industry, power supply, aerospace engineering, shipbuilding, boilers, pressured vessels, pipes, vehicles manufacturing, etc.
3: Goplus Welder Cart Trolley Heavy Duty Workshop Organizer
This is a brand new strong welding cart, which puts the welder controls at a comfortable working height and has storage shelves and drawers for all your tools, parts and accessories. The slanted top shelf accommodates most brands of welding equipment and places the welder controls at an easy to use angle. It is made from super strong metal with a durable finish that is perfect for a workshop or garage. Rear fixed wheels and front swivel casters for easy move. It Fits most MIG and plasma machines. Don’t hesitate to add it to your cart!
4| Blue Demon ER80S-B2
If you are looking for a good TIG welding rod, get the Best Value on Blue Demon ER80S-B2 X 1/16″ X 36″ X 10# Box chrome-moly 515 low alloy TIG welding rod. This product is worth every penny. Overall, most of the customers are happy with this product and highly recommend it to everyone.
* Typical applications include boilers, material handling machines, pipelines
* Chemical and petrochemical industry
* Specifications: AWS A5.28 GMAW-DCEP
ER80S-B2 is for gas metal arc and gas tungsten arc welding of 1 1/4 chrome-1/2 molybdenum steels. Preheat and post-weld heat treatments are usually required.
5| Servore Auto Shade Darkening Welding Goggles Arc-513 + Arc513 Shield World’s First Tig
The ARC-513 are the first auto darkening goggles designed by welders for welders. Based on careful research and ergonomically designed for fit, they are light, comfortable and easy to live with. As the heart of the new system, and a new concept in welding PPE, the Arc-513 goggles also incorporate unique and innovative features such as a shock absorbing, heat resistant frame; a self-adjusting silicon skirt and an ‘ eye-breathe ‘ air vent system for mist reduction and optical comfort.
The front cover lens is also hard coated for extra durability and increased protection from spatter, dirt and dust. ARC-513 has been designed to be used for grinding purpose with #4 shade of darkness for goggle. Shade level can be adjusted in 5 levels from #5 to #13 according to welding type and current (welding ARC). Sensitivity control button ensures top welding performance by optimizing sensor sensitivity through four sensors installed according to various types of welding environment and it makes welding easy by preventing light interference from surrounding welding work or lights.
TIG Welding Guide
Welding is the process used for fusing materials such as metals etc. There are many methods of welding processes like gas welding, arc welding, and resistance welding. TIG or Tungsten Inert Gas may be described as a type of gas metal arc welding. Instead of flux coated electrodes, a gas shield is used to purge oxygen from the weld path. Bare wire is fed into the gas shield area while the tungsten electrode burns the bare wire fusing the bare wire to the parent metal.
One of the major advantages of a TIG welder is higher amperage which allows for the greater thickness of metal to be welded, amongst other advantages relating to the purity of the metal, cleaning etc. Welding with TIG demands the workpieces to be prepped an cleaned properly.
TIG is an acronym for tungsten inert gas welding, and it differs from other forms of welding in that it makes use of an arc which is created from tungsten, and which uses an electrical current to generate heat for the welding process.
TIG welding is one of the best techniques for welding and manipulating aluminum, though the downside of TIG welding is its incredibly high cost, it is very expensive and most likely to be out of the price range of most amateurs and hobbyists, with even a modest, low specs welding kit priced at $1600. The price tag does carry with it a number of major benefits in comparison to other forms of welding.
The high price is not the only major obstacle people have to overcome in regards to successfully learning to use the TIG welding, TIG welding has an extremely steep learning curve, and it is a difficult skill to master. With such a high initial cost and so little room for failure, it really takes a special kind to truly succeed with TIG welding. Succeeding at TIG welding also requires a real focus in attention as most welding methods allow the welder to get away with simply using one hand, not so with TIG welding.
Another drawback of TIG welders is that you cannot simply use your gas tank and other kit from your MIG welder with your TIG welder, the TIG welder is equipment specific. TIG welders make use of inert gases such as argon so as better protect the welding area. This really should be a well-drilled into your head already, but safety must be paramount at all times, TIG welding is still fraught with all of the dangers associated with welding, and so proper precautions have to be taken.
Due to the intense levels of light that are created during the welding process, this poses a very real danger to the welder of developing so-called “arc-eye”, a burning of the retina which will lead to permanent blindness. Even limited exposure to the light can in time have a lasting effect, so a face guard to shield the eyes from direct exposure is crucial. The light also carries another great danger UV radiation, this is known to cause skin cancer, and so no part of the body should be directly exposed during the welding process.
Due to both its specialized nature, steep learning curve, and relatively low-cost maintenance, TIG is commonly used and employed within the automobile and spacecraft industries respectively, and TIG welding also has a great advantage that the finished materials and alloys created are highly resistant to corrosion and cracking even over a prolonged period of time.
Welding, unlike soldering and brazing – two things that are usually mistaken to involve a similar process as welding, uses coalescence to join metals or thermoplastics. This is done through melting the workpieces and adding another material to create a weld puddle which, when cooled, becomes a strong joint and produces the weld. So a weld, in case you’re still wondering, is simply a joint formed by welding.
To produce a good weld, first, you need to make an arc. With this arc, create a weld puddle and put fill metal on it and push it along the weld joint. Finish the arc. Let the puddle cool and protect it by leaving the torch over it. In Tig welding, it’s also important to establish a good electrical contact between the tungsten and collet. This way, current transfer and weld quality can be improved. Practice good maintenance for your welding tools by keeping your tig torch components tightened always and checking them regularly for worn parts. You should also clean your weld joint and the filler metal by removing oil, grease, and dirt, as these elements may cause arc instability or dirty welds.
Dangers Of TIG Welding
The three most common problems encountered by the operator in TIG welding are an erratic arc, high electrode consumption and porosity of the weld. But if you can only identify and rectify the problems, you will save enormous time and money and the weld can be achieved faster. One of the chief problems of TIG welding is porosity. Porosity may be described as gas pockets formed in a metal weld. The reason for porosity may be due to improper coverage of shielding gas, the use of inappropriate shielding gas or filler metal, too much heat and a base material that is not cleaned properly.
Lack of fusion is another major problem that can occur in TIG welding. If the weld does not join with the base material then it will lead to a weak joint. Experts suggest that to have the best TIG weld, you should use 10 amps for every thousandth of an inch of material. To avoid TIG welding problems, take care to tighten all torch fittings and examine all the holes for possible leakages. If a hose is weak or damaged, it is best to replace it forthwith.
Stay Technical With The TIG Process
Please know that the shielding gas flow rate must be 10 to 20 cubic feet per hour. If the rate is higher it will lead to weld puddle turbulence and if it is lower it will not protect the weld puddle. An incorrect rate of flow will result in porosity. The appropriate filter rod should be selected for the base material. Use argon gas shielding and not CO2. This will also prevent porosity. TIG welding is best performed using argon gas instead of a gas mixture or carbon dioxide.
Excess heat can also cause porosity. You have to remove dirt, grease and surface oxides from the surface of the material using a stainless steel brush to avoid porosity. Undercutting is yet another common problem with TIG welding. This happens when a groove is made along the edge of the weld and then you fail to fill the place with weld metal.
When welding a joint create a space between the joints or bevel the pieces that form the joint. This will facilitate proper fusion of the joint. If the welding arc is unduly long, you may obviously be holding the tip of the torch far away from the metal. Make sure to keep the torch tip less than 1/4 inch from the metal. Do not to touch the tungsten tip to the metal.
Here are some more useful tips to prevent possible problems in TIG welding:
- Know the right use of an air-cooled/water-cooled torch
- Learn the proper procedure for cleaning base metals
- Know the occasions when you should use gas lens
- Know the causes of an unstable arc and learn to remedy them
- Find out all about excessive electrode consumption
- Learn to prevent tungsten contamination and discoloration
- Find out the causes porosity in a GTAW bead, and learn how to prevent it
- Know the types of tungsten you should use