5 Essential Tools When Welding on Stainless Steel- Top Tools & Guide

Here is a list of the top 5 tools we use when welding  stainless steel. Below the list, you will find sources and uses for welding stainless steel…enjoy and happy welding! 

 

1|Steel Dragon Tools 460 6″ Tripod Pipe Chain Vise Stand fits RIDGID 72037 36273

 

 

Steel Dragon Tools offers a wide variety of professional-grade tools and high-quality replacement parts that meet or exceed OEM specifications. Backed by years of manufacturing excellence and coupled with the latest technology, Steel Dragon Tools products provide incredible craftsmanship at an unbeatable value. This product is designed and manufactured by Steel Dragon Tools®. Steel Dragon Tools® products are backed by a one (1) year warranty against manufacturer defect.

 

2| Estwing BIG BLUE Welding/Chipping Hammer – 14oz Slag Removal Tool with Forged Steel Construction & Shock Reduction Grip – E3-WC

 

 

If you are searching for a strong and durable hammer for all your welding work, then you have found the right product. Top-of-the-line hammer features superior balance, which enhances comfort while helping your strikes stay true. Shock Reduction Grip absorbs strike vibrations, reducing hand fatigue. One-piece forged-steel construction ensures professional-grade durability. Attractive UV-coat finish protects against pitting and corrosion.

 

The Welding Chipping Hammer has a bonded and molded Shock Reduction Grip® which offers the utmost in both comfort and durability, while reducing vibrations caused by impact. Estwing hammers are the only hammers that can make this claim. The head and handle are forged in one piece and are fully polished.

 

3| Blue Demon ER70S-6 x .035 x 44# Spool Carbon Steel Welding Wire (Copper Free)

 

 

ER70S-6 is a mild steel welding wire that contains higher levels of manganese and silicon than other standard grades of MIG wire to produce high quality welds when used on dirty, oily, or rusty steel. The high silicon content increases the fluidity of the weld pool, thus creating a smoother bead appearance and resulting in minimal post-weld grinding. This wire is engineered to provide porosity-free, x-ray quality welds at the highest tensile strength (as welded) of all the plain carbon steel wires. This product requires a shielding gas: CO2 and/or CO2 mix.

 

Blue Demon Carbon Steel Welding Wire has excellent welding properties and can be used on various applications. Available in a variety of wire diameters and sold in 2, 11 or 33 pound spools.

 

4| Norstar Welding Table

 

Need more table workspace? Use the Nomad Connector Plate (TSL30) to join two Nomad tables together to create a 7.5 feet long workstation. The Strong Hand Tools Nomad Economy Welding Table is a safe, transportable, affordable, and versatile welding surface. The tabletop adjusts to three positions: horizontal, 30°, and folded (for compact storage and mobility).

 

This folding welders table weighs just under 50 pounds. Compact and folds flat for easy handling and storage. 1” steel tube construction with painted finish and scissor-action folding legs allow for fast set up and tear down and still provide a stable work area. Table top made of expanded metal with MIG gun hole to hold gun while not welding.

 

5| The Original* Welders 3rd Hand Pipe Welding Tool Line up Clamp

 

Easy assembly and centric tension of the pipes for the welding process. This clamp convince through low weight and are best before the useage on-site.On the construction site they are used for centering and tensioning pipes without length limitation, as well as pipe bends, flanges, tees, reducers and other fittings on pipes.

 

Due to its unique design, the quick release ensures that the clamping forces act uniformly around the pipe to be welded, since the distances between the clamping points are the same. This applies to all pipe dimensions within the ranges of the pipe quick-release clamps (1 “to 14”).

 

The tensioning screws have stainless steel balls at their ends. This prevents scratching of the pipes and no corrosion occurs. Depending on the version, the arms are made of aluminum or steel, so that the clamping force corresponds to the requirements of all pipe dimensions within the range of the pipe quick-release clamp (27 – 355 mm) and wall thicknesses up to 15 mm. The quick pipe welding clamp can be used for all common materials such as construction steel, stainless steel, duplex, super duplex and titanium. The welding of pipe-to-pipe and pipe-to-pipe welding is easy with the pipe quick-release.

 

Welding Stainless Steel Guide

 

Stainless steel resists corrosion and it is one of the iron-based alloys. They usually do not rust and they are able to withstand certain types of liquids, chemicals or gases without corroding. They are versatile in their ability to withstand high temperatures and have some iron in them. Stainless steel melts at a lower temperature, is more resistant to electricity and transfers heat at a lower level. They also expand at a higher rate when heated than other metals. This can cause problems when welding because it has different reactions than other metals.

 

Stainless steel reacts differently to heat temperatures and if it is given too much heat, it can warp or create other distortions as it cools. Also, it is not as forgiving as mild steel so any mistakes you make along the way will show up and you can scratch it easily. Rather than to use metal tables that can scratch the metal some welder use an aluminum or brass heat sink. This can prevent burn through because it actually will absorb the heat. When you are working the metal it is good to use the least amount of heat that you can.

 

Steel is an alloy of low carbon steel and chromium: it is the chromium content which provides the metal with its anti-corrosion and ‘stainless’ qualities There are many different grades depending on the exact proportion of steel and chromium, which makes the alloy suitable for a range of uses and a variety of environments.

 

Due to the many of its benefits, a list of its uses would be almost endless, ranging from surgical instruments to jewelry! It is also largely used in the building industry, where it is valued for both its practical and aesthetic qualities. A further use is in the manufacture of kitchen utensils and equipment. There are several varieties of stainless steel and they are more difficult to engage in the welding process than mild steels made from carbon, basically because their physical properties are different.

Here are a few:

 

Austenitic stainless steel — They weld easier because they have a lower thermal conductivity and they have a higher “coefficient of expansion” than other types of stainless steels.

 

Ferritic stainless steels — These are harder than other stainless steels and they do not become harder with heat. They also have the power to create their own magnetism called, “ferromagnetism” that can get in the way of the weld.

 

Martensitic Stainless Steels — These are similar to the ferric stainless steels in that they are also magnetic but they will become harder when heated. Some of these will also have different percentages of carbon in them and if you have over 0.15% of carbon, they will have to be preheated and post-heated in order to make them work properly.

 

You will find stainless steel used in a variety of ways to build many products. You can look in your kitchen and find it in sinks in your breaker boxes and with some of your electronic counter appliances. It is a major material that is used in the construction of buildings, particularly with roofing, elevator doors or signage. You will also find it in the building of bridges and barrier walls.

 

Farming is another area where you will find stainless steel applications because they are used for milk silos, juice tanks, and piping. The makers of beer and wine will use stainless steel vats to ferment wine and display it once it is ready. This type of equipment is easier to clean than others and is easily sanitized.

 

How to Weld Steel

 

When learning how to weld steel we first need to determine both the type of steel to be welded and the thickness of the steel. Basic steel is typically mild steel that is used for most structural purposes and various other applications such as automotive bodies, chassis building and many types of appliances.

 

Stainless steel, on the other hand, comprises of different compositions of metals and requires specialized equipment for welding. A good test to differentiate mild steel from stainless steel is to try and attach a magnet to the metal. Stainless steel is not magnetic whereas mild steel is.

 

There are four different types of welding techniques that can be used when learning how to weld steel and are as follows.

 

Gas Welding

 

Gas or oxy-acetylene welding is seldom used to weld steel these days. The process requires that the two metals to be welded are heated and fused together generally with the aid of a filler roe also made of steel. Best used for light metals and sheet metals.

 

Arc or Stick Welding

 

Ideal for home use or maintenance. Arc welders can weld metals starting at 1/8th (3mm) inch thick up to 1 inch (25mm) thick. While the process. Thinner metals can be welded however it does require more skill. Stick welders use flux coated electrodes that are used to generate the electric arc or heat source and act as the filler material to fuse the steel.

 

MIG Welding

 

The best and easiest way to weld steel is with MIG welding technology. MIG welders operate in a similar way to arc welders except the electrode is in the form of a continuous wire feed allowing the operator to work for long periods without the need to change the wire. The welding wire is contained on a spool that comes in various sizes depending on the machine.

 

MIG welders also use a shielding gas to prevent contamination at the weld area. With arc welders, this is similar in a sense to the flux coating on a welding electrode. The need for shielding gas does limit a MIG welder as to the portability of the machine and is not very useful if welding in a stiff wind as the gas gets blown away. There is now, however, a flux-cored welding wire for MIG use that removes the need for shielding gas.

 

MIG welders can be used on any thickness of steel depending upon the power of the machine. It is very useful to learn how to weld with MIG, it is excellent for welding thin steel as on the bodywork of automotive.

 

TIG Welding

 

Tig welding is a specialized process that requires great skill by the operator. Ideal for sheet metal work where precise and pure welds are required.

 

While learning how to weld steel is quite an easy process, the basics of welding need to be learned from both a practical and a theoretical point to get things right from the beginning. Many hours can be wasted through trial and error welding where some simple tuition can get you welding very well in a short period of time.

 

Steel Welding is like an art structure. It comprises skill, staying power, a good eye, and readiness to go after the rules for welding steels. A metal alloy that principally consists of iron, steel has a carbon content between 0.2% and 2.04%. Steel turns out to be stronger and harder but becomes more delicate as the carbon enhances, and additional elements also have an effect on its physical property. The steel composition should be single-minded before it can be welded efficiently and successfully.

 

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